Call them dinosaur-brains or Neanderthals, there are people in every business who live to make us miserable. They aren’t necessarily actively toxic, but some are so rude, bureaucratic, and/or annoying, your automatic response may be to disengage from them and your work. As well all know, disengagement kills productivity.
Hopefully, you’re not the Neanderthal in question. But hey, if you want to send personal and team productivity tumbling, here are four great ways to do it:
Micromanage… or ignore — Helicopter managers who hover at your shoulder and control every aspect of your work are foolish, not just because they frustrate others and encourage disengagement, but also because they don’t get their own work done. Alternately, they may waste time redoing existing work — even worse. If you’re not a manager but you still micromanage other people in your work process, that’s just as bad.
But going too hands off can also cause productivity to drop. If, as a manager, you ignore your people or your group adopts the “no manager” holacracy method, engagement may plummet to as little as 2%, according to a Gallup survey. Google tried a holacracy experiment, but it failed miserably after only a few months. Teams just weren’t producing without managers to guide them, because they felt lost trying to guide themselves. So, before you try a holacracy, give it a second thought. Most of us need a little middle-ground guidance.
Skimp on the air conditioning — Back in 2010, scientist Solomon Hsiang reported productivity began to fall in the countries he studied in central America and the Caribbean when the temperature rose above 78°. The average loss was 2-4% per degree of increase, simply because people tire faster when it’s hot. Japanese office workers also suffered when heat went up after the Fukushima nuclear reactor shut-down in 2011. The availability of air-conditioning may have been one of the reasons American productivity skyrocketed after World War II.
Let annoying distractions get to you — Sartre famously stated, “Hell is other people,” and you know it’s true when your coworkers like to chat in the hallway, listen to their voicemail on speaker, wipe their noses on their sleeves, have terrible BO, play loud music, whistle tunelessly… whatever bugs you. You can accept those behaviors and let them kill your productivity, or you can take action. Some of these examples are hard to handle if you want to be polite, so an anonymous note might be the best solution. You can overcome the other examples with some polite discussion. Otherwise, you can relocate, work elsewhere for a while, or buy noise-canceling earphones and play music of your own.
Work too many hours — We organic machines have this really effective self-repair mechanism known as rest. So often, studies have proven long work hours have negative effects, from lowering your IQ temporarily, to risking heart failure. In 2015, John Pencavel of Stanford University released a study demonstrating 50+ hours of work in a week — even spread out over six or seven days — reduces productivity. After 55 hours, the drop-off is so sharp you can put in 70 hours and still accomplish less than with 55 hours. That’s just too obvious not to listen to. If you really want to kill productivity, run yourself ragged.